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San Diego

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San Diego, California
—  City  —
City of San Diego
Images from top, left to right: San Diego Skyline, Coronado Bridge, museum in Balboa Park, Serra Museum in Presidio Park and the Old Point Loma lighthouse

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): America's Finest City
Motto: Semper Vigilans (Latin for "Ever Vigilant")
Location of San Diego
within San Diego County
San Diego, California is located in United States
San Diego, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°42′54″N 117°09′45″WCoordinates:
Click the blue globe to open an interactive map.
32°42′54″N 117°09′45″W
Country United States
State California
County San Diego
Founded July 16, 1769
Incorporated March 27, 1850
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body San Diego City Council
 • Mayor Jerry Sanders
 • City Attorney Jan Goldsmith
 • City Council members
Area[1]
 • City 372.398 sq mi (964.506 km2)
 • Land 325.188 sq mi (842.233 km2)
 • Water 47.210 sq mi (122.273 km2)  12.68%
Elevation 72–400 ft (22 m)
Population (Census 2010)
 • City 1,301,617
 • Rank 1st in San Diego County
2nd in California
8th in the United States
 • Density 4,003/sq mi (1,545.4/km2)
 • Metro 3,095,313
Demonym San Diegan
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92101-92117, 92119-92124, 92126-92140, 92142, 92145, 92147, 92149-92155, 92158-92172, 92174-92177, 92179, 92182, 92184, 92186, 92187, 92190-92199
Area code(s) 619, 858
FIPS code 66000
GNIS feature ID 1661377
Website www.sandiego.gov

San Diego /ˌsæn dˈɡ/ is the eighth-largest city in the United States of America and second-largest city in California. The city is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, immediately adjacent to the Mexican border. The birthplace of California,[2] San Diego is known for its mild year-round climate, natural deep-water harbor, extensive beaches, long association with the U.S. Navy, and recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology enclave. The population was 1,301,617 at the 2010 census.[3]

Historically home to the Kumeyaay people, San Diego was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Cabrillo claimed the entire area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later. The Presidio and Mission of San Diego, founded in 1769, were the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of newly independent Mexico, and in 1850, became part of the United States following the Mexican-American War and the admission of California to the union.

The city is the county seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos metropolitan area as well as the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area. San Diego's main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, and manufacturing. The presence of the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center, has helped make the area a center of research in biotechnology.

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